Nova Versão (2.2.8) do FreeBSD Liberada
Colaboração: Rubens Queiroz de Almeida
Data de Publicação: 02 de Dezembro de 1998
Foi anunciada no dia 30/11/1998, a liberação da nova versão, 2.2.8, do
sistema operacional FreeBSD.
A seguir, a nota de divulgação:
2.2.8-RELEASE is now available on
Date :30 Nov 1998 17:38:05 -0600
From :"Jordan K. Hubbard" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
It is, as always, my great pleasure to announce the release of FreeBSD
2.2.8, our latest and final release along the 2.2-stable branch. Those
folks who are still running 2.1.x and wish to upgrade to 2.2
technology are definitely encouraged to do so now as the 2.2-stable
branch has gone into maintainence mode. A number of problems with
2.2.7 have been fixed and the release notes (appended) should be
consulted for more information.
FreeBSD 2.2.8-RELEASE is available on ftp.freebsd.org and various FTP
mirror sites throughout the world. It can also be ordered on CD from
Walnut Creek CDROM, from where it will be shipping shortly as a 4 CD
set containing a lot of extra stuff of interest to programmers and
general users alike.
IMPORTANT NOTE: All of the profits from the sales of this CD set go to
support the FreeBSD Project!
The official FTP distribution site for FreeBSD is:
Or via the WEB page at:
And on CD-ROM from Walnut Creek CDROM:
Walnut Creek CDROM
4041 Pike Lane, #F
Concord CA, 94520 USA
Phone: +1 925 674-0783
Fax: +1 925 674-0821
Tech Support: +1 925 603-1234
If you are in Japan, please refer to Pacific HiTech for information on
ordering a localized (or the english) version of the 2.2.8
product. Pacific HiTech is now an affiliate of Walnut Creek CDROM for
Japanese sales of FreeBSD.
Additionally, FreeBSD is available via anonymous FTP from mirror sites
in the following countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Korea,
Latvia, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, the Ukraine
and the United Kingdom (and quite possibly several others which I've
never even heard of :).
Before trying the central FTP site, please check your regional
mirror(s) first by going to:
Any additional mirror sites will be labeled ftp2, ftp3 and so on.
The latest versions of export-restricted code for FreeBSD (2.0C or
later) (eBones and secure) are also being made available at the
following locations. If you are outside the U.S. or Canada, please get
secure (DES) and eBones (Kerberos) from one of the following foreign
FreeBSD 2.2.8-RELEASE VERSION
1. What's new since 2.2.7
o Add support for >8G IDE drives.
o Add support for 3Com 3c905B ethernet adapters
o Add support for PCI ThunderLAN-based ethernet adapters (Compaq/Olicom)
o Significantly improve Linux emulator again. Things like QuakeII should
just run out-of-the-box now (given the rest of their requirements).
o Major changes from -current's pthread implementation merged: This
file locking based on FILE *, signal fixes, read/write-locks, better
compliance and better performance.
o Add a new flexible bandwidth limiter/delay emulator called
dummynet. See dummynet(4).
o Add support for bridging on multiple interfaces (10 and 100 Mbit/s).
o NFS client accelerator added. See 'nfs_access_cache' in rc.conf(5).
o /bin/sh signal and trap handling reworked. Among other things, this
makes tty-mode emacs work when called from system(2), i.e. by a mail
o ppp(8) merged from 3.0, adding features like multilink and VPN
support as well as fixing a number of known bugs.
o All open CERT/Bugtraq advisories against 2.2.7 have been dealt with.
2. Supported Configurations
FreeBSD currently runs on a wide variety of ISA, VLB, EISA and PCI bus
based PC's, ranging from 386sx to Pentium class machines (though the
386sx is not recommended). Support for generic IDE or ESDI drive
configurations, various SCSI controller, network and serial cards is
What follows is a list of all peripherals currently known to work with
FreeBSD. Other configurations may also work, we have simply not as yet
received confirmation of this.
2.1. Disk Controllers
WD1003 (any generic MFM/RLL)
WD1007 (any generic IDE/ESDI)
Adaptec 1535 ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 154x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 174x series EISA SCSI controller in standard and enhanced mode.
Adaptec 274X/284X/2940/3940 (Narrow/Wide/Twin) series ISA/EISA/PCI SCSI
Adaptec AIC7850 on-board SCSI controllers.
** Note: You cannot boot from the SoundBlaster cards as they have no
on-board BIOS, such being necessary for mapping the boot device into
system BIOS I/O vectors. They're perfectly usable for external tapes,
CDROMs, etc, however. The same goes for any other AIC-6x60 based card
without a boot ROM. Some systems DO have a boot ROM, which is
indicated by some sort of message when the system is first powered up
or reset, and in such cases you *will* also be able to boot from them.
Check your system/board documentation for more details.
Buslogic 545S & 545c
Buslogic 445S/445c VLB SCSI controller
Buslogic 742A, 747S, 747c EISA SCSI controller.
Buslogic 946c PCI SCSI controller
Buslogic 956c PCI SCSI controller
SymBios (formerly NCR) 53C810, 53C825, 53c860 and 53c875 PCI SCSI
Data Technology DTC3130 (all variants)
NCR cards (all)
Symbios cards (all)
Tekram DC390W, 390U and 390F
Tekram DC390 and DC390T controllers (maybe other cards based on the
AMD 53c974 as well).
NCR5380/NCR53400 ("ProAudio Spectrum") SCSI controller.
DTC 3290 EISA SCSI controller in 1542 emulation mode.
UltraStor 14F, 24F and 34F SCSI controllers.
Seagate ST01/02 SCSI controllers.
Future Domain 8xx/950 series SCSI controllers.
WD7000 SCSI controller.
With all supported SCSI controllers, full support is provided for
SCSI-I & SCSI-II peripherals, including Disks, tape drives (including
DAT and 8mm Exabyte) and CD ROM drives.
The following CD-ROM type systems are supported at this time:
(cd) SCSI interface (also includes ProAudio Spectrum and
(matcd) Matsushita/Panasonic (Creative SoundBlaster) proprietary
interface (562/563 models)
(scd) Sony proprietary interface (all models)
(wcd) ATAPI CDROM interface
(acd) ATAPI CD-R interface (alternative to 'wcd')
Unmaintained drivers, they might or might not work for your hardware:
Adaptec 1510 series ISA SCSI controllers (not for bootable devices)
Adaptec 152x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec AIC-6260 and AIC-6360 based boards, which includes the AHA-152x
and SoundBlaster SCSI cards.
Floppy tape interface (Colorado/Mountain/Insight)
(mcd) Mitsumi proprietary CD-ROM interface (all models)
2.2. Ethernet cards
Allied-Telesis AT1700 and RE2000 cards
AMD PCnet/PCI (79c970 & 53c974 or 79c974)
SMC Elite 16 WD8013 ethernet interface, and most other WD8003E,
WD8003EBT, WD8003W, WD8013W, WD8003S, WD8003SBT and WD8013EBT
based clones. SMC Elite Ultra. SMC Etherpower II.
Texas Instruments ThunderLAN PCI NICs, including the following:
Compaq Netelligent 10, 10/100, 10/100 Proliant, 10/100 Dual-Port
Compaq Netelligent 10/100 TX Embedded UTP, 10 T PCI UTP/Coax, 10/100 TX
Compaq NetFlex 3P, 3P Integrated, 3P w/ BNC
Olicom OC-2135/2138, OC-2325, OC-2326 10/100 TX UTP
DEC EtherWORKS III NICs (DE203, DE204, and DE205)
DEC EtherWORKS II NICs (DE200, DE201, DE202, and DE422)
DEC DC21040, DC21041, or DC21140 based NICs (SMC Etherpower 8432T, DE245,
DEC FDDI (DEFPA/DEFEA) NICs
HP PC Lan+ cards (model numbers: 27247B and 27252A).
Intel EtherExpress (not recommended due to driver instability)
Intel EtherExpress Pro/10
Intel EtherExpress Pro/100B PCI Fast Ethernet
Isolan AT 4141-0 (16 bit)
Isolink 4110 (8 bit)
Novell NE1000, NE2000, and NE2100 ethernet interface.
3Com 3C501 cards
3Com 3C503 Etherlink II
3Com 3c505 Etherlink/+
3Com 3C507 Etherlink 16/TP
3Com 3C509, 3C579, 3C589 (PCMCIA), 3C590/592/595/900/905/905B PCI and EISA
(Fast) Etherlink III / (Fast) Etherlink XL
Toshiba ethernet cards
PCMCIA ethernet cards from IBM and National Semiconductor are also
No token ring cards are supported at this time.
AST 4 port serial card using shared IRQ.
ARNET 8 port serial card using shared IRQ.
ARNET (now Digiboard) Sync 570/i high-speed serial.
Boca BB1004 4-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca IOAT66 6-Port serial card (Modems supported)
Boca BB1008 8-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca BB2016 16-Port serial card (Modems supported)
Comtrol Rocketport card.
Cyclades Cyclom-y Serial Board.
STB 4 port card using shared IRQ.
SDL Communications Riscom/8 Serial Board.
SDL Communications RISCom/N2 and N2pci high-speed sync serial boards.
Stallion multiport serial boards: EasyIO, EasyConnection 8/32 & 8/64,
ONboard 4/16 and Brumby.
Adlib, SoundBlaster, SoundBlaster Pro, ProAudioSpectrum, Gravis UltraSound
and Roland MPU-401 sound cards.
Matrox Meteor Video frame grabber
Creative Labs Video Spigot frame grabber
Cortex1 frame grabber
Hauppauge Wincast/TV boards (PCI)
STB TV PCI
Intel Smart Video Recorder III
Various Frame grabbers based on Brooktree Bt848 chip.
HP4020, HP6020, Philips CDD2000/CDD2660 and Plasmon CD-R drives.
Standard PC Joystick
X-10 power controllers
GPIB and Transputer drivers.
Genius and Mustek hand scanners.
FreeBSD currently does NOT support IBM's microchannel (MCA) bus.
3. Obtaining FreeBSD
You may obtain FreeBSD in a variety of ways:
You can ftp FreeBSD and any or all of its optional packages from
`ftp.freebsd.org' - the official FreeBSD release site.
For other locations that mirror the FreeBSD software see the file
MIRROR.SITES. Please ftp the distribution from the site closest (in
networking terms) to you. Additional mirror sites are always welcome!
Contact freebsd-admin@FreeBSD.org for more details if you'd like to
become an official mirror site.
FreeBSD 3.0-SNAP and 2.2.x-RELEASE CDs may be ordered on CDROM from:
Walnut Creek CDROM
4041 Pike Lane, Suite D
Concord CA 94520
1-800-786-9907, +1-925-674-0783, +1-925-674-0821 (FAX)
Or via the Internet from email@example.com or http://www.cdrom.com.
Their current catalog can be obtained via ftp from:
Cost per -RELEASE CD is $39.95 or $24.95 with a FreeBSD subscription.
FreeBSD SNAPshot CDs are $39.95 or $14.95 with a FreeBSD-SNAP subscription
(-RELEASE and -SNAP subscriptions are entirely separate). With a
subscription, you will automatically receive updates as they are released.
Your credit card will be billed when each disk is shipped and you may
your subscription at any time without further obligation.
Shipping (per order not per disc) is $5 in the US, Canada or Mexico
and $9.00 overseas. They accept Visa, Mastercard, Discover, American
Express or checks in U.S. Dollars and ship COD within the United
States. California residents please add 8.25% sales tax.
Should you be dissatisfied for any reason, the CD comes with an
unconditional return policy.
4. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code.
Your suggestions, bug reports and contributions of code are always
valued - please do not hesitate to report any problems you may find
(preferably with a fix attached, if you can!).
The preferred method to submit bug reports from a machine with
Internet mail connectivity is to use the send-pr command or use the CGI
script at http://www.freebsd.org/send-pr.html. Bug reports
will be dutifully filed by our faithful bugfiler program and you can
be sure that we'll do our best to respond to all reported bugs as soon
as possible. Bugs filed in this way are also visible on our WEB site
in the support section and are therefore valuable both as bug reports
and as "signposts" for other users concerning potential problems to
watch out for.
If, for some reason, you are unable to use the send-pr command to
submit a bug report, you can try to send it to:
Note that send-pr itself is a shell script that should be easy to move
even onto a totally different system. We much prefer if you could use
this interface, since it make it easier to keep track of the problem
reports. However, before submitting, please try to make sure whether
the problem might have already been fixed since.
Otherwise, for any questions or tech support issues, please send mail to:
Additionally, being a volunteer effort, we are always happy to have
extra hands willing to help - there are already far more desired
enhancements than we'll ever be able to manage by ourselves! To
contact us on technical matters, or with offers of help, please send
Please note that these mailing lists can experience *significant*
amounts of traffic and if you have slow or expensive mail access and
are only interested in keeping up with significant FreeBSD events, you
may find it preferable to subscribe instead to:
All of the mailing lists can be freely joined by anyone wishing
to do so. Send mail to MajorDomo@FreeBSD.org and include the keyword
`help' on a line by itself somewhere in the body of the message. This
will give you more information on joining the various lists, accessing
archives, etc. There are a number of mailing lists targeted at
special interest groups not mentioned here, so send mail to majordomo
and ask about them!
FreeBSD represents the cumulative work of many dozens, if not
hundreds, of individuals from around the world who have worked very
hard to bring you this release. For a complete list of FreeBSD
project staffers, please see:
or, if you've loaded the doc distribution:
Special mention to:
The donors listed at http://www.freebsd.org/handbook/donors.html
Everyone at Montana State University for their initial support.
And to the many thousands of FreeBSD users and testers all over
the world, without whom this release simply would not have been
We sincerely hope you enjoy this release of FreeBSD!
The FreeBSD Project
Opinião dos Leitores
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